山课件 w ww.5 Y K j.Co M
高 一 英 语
) 和第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题
1. What will the man do with the TV?
A. Turn it up. B. Turn it off. C. Turn it down.
2. Which city does the man like the most?
A. Paris. B. Rome. C. New York.
3. What color does the man prefer?
A. Blue. B. Yellow. C. Pink.
4. Where will the man travel this summer?
A. To Tokyo. B. To Hong Kong. C. To Beijing.
5. How much did the woman pay for her skirt?
A. $50. B. $35. C. $15.
6. What sport does Janice like best?
A. Baseball. B. Soccer. C. Tennis.
7. What will Jim do this afternoon?
A. Visit his friends. B. Play ball games. C. Go to the tennis club.
8. Where will the tour start?
A. Big Ben. B. Trafalgar Square. C. Piccadilly Circus.
9. How much should the man pay for his child?
A. £15. B. £20. C. £30.
10. How does the man want his hair cut?
A. All off the back. B. All off the sides. C. A little off the top and sides.
11. Why did the man complain?
A. The woman got shampoo in his eyes.
B. The woman cut his ear accidentally.
C. The towel was too dirty.
12.Why can’t the man complain directly to the manager?
A. He is on vacation.
B. He is out to lunch.
C. He is dealing with another customer.
13. What month is it now?
A. January. B. February. C. June.
14. Where will Lily spend Spring Festival?
A. In the city center. B. In her hometown. C. In the man’s hometown.
15. What does Lily think of the festival?
A. Boring. B. Ordinary. C. Interesting.
16. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Friends. B. Brother and sister. C. Teacher and student.
17. What did Lucia’s father give her as a birthday gift?
A. A cat. B. A dog. C. A bird.
18. Where was the bag found?
A. In a village. B. In the forest. C. On a farm.
19. Who did Lucia give the bag to?
A. Her parents. B. The owner. C. The police.
20. What did Lucia get as a reward?
A. A small shop. B. A lot of jewels. C. A large sum of money.
21. As teenagers get older, they struggle to be ________, but at the same time, they may badly want and need their parents’ love.
A. patient B. brilliant C. independent D. tolerant
22. When the news of Jin Yong’s passing away was reported, there were many fans on social media ________ expressed their sadness over his death.
A. which B. who C. where D. what
23. When men look for a close friend, they will ________ someone who can share with them certain activities like sports and video games.
A. arrange for B. cheer for C. send for D. search for
24. --- I haven’t seen Jacky these days.
--- She ________ for the driving test due to take place next Monday.
A. will prepare B. has been preparing
C. was preparing D. prepared
25. A good idea ________ to me that we could advertise our products on the Internet.
A. occurred B. happened C. hit D. struck
26. A Cambodian boy has become famous on the Internet. When ________ about how he picked up so many languages, he said he learned them from other tourists.
A. asked B. asking C. being asked D. having asked
27. Because of the heavy snow, the researchers failed to reach their ________ on time as expected.
A. stage B. agreement C. kingdom D. destination
28. Upon arriving home, they found their dog, Spot, which they ________ in the charge of Daniel, was starving to death.
A. left B. would leave C. had left D. have left
29. Detective Sam Peterson told the journalists ________ they hadn’t dismissed the idea that Justin was taken away by the aliens, they were looking into other possibilities.
A. when B. while C. unless D. until
30. --- Would you like to visit San Taishan National Park with me this weekend?
---Well, you know, I hate to be __________, but I’ll have much homework to do then.
A. a cup of tea B. a black sheep C. a top dog D. a wet blanket
Devon Gallagher, a college graduate from Philadelphia, wants the world to know where she’s been during her great worldwide vacation in a(n) 31 way.
The traveler, who was 32 with a bone disease, had her right leg 33 at the age of four. 34 the amputation (截肢) caused hardships for Gallagher early on, she, at the age of 22 now, 35 it as an inspiration for making the 36 of her life.
To spread that 37 , Gallagher has 38 to social media, 39 she shares photos of her travels across the world, but instead of 40 using a geotag (地理标签), she draws her location across her artificial leg before taking a picture.
Now she has been taking pictures 41 Europe. “I get a new leg every two years and I can choose the design on it. One day I had a sudden 42 that my new leg could be used as a blackboard,” Gallagher said. “My mum and grandmother weren’t too 43 the idea, but my friends thought it was great and told me to go for it, so I did.”
Gallagher said people often stare when she’s 44 on her leg, but once she shares the photos, she 45 only praise and encouragement. “My leg hasn’t 46 me from doing anything I’ve wanted to do,” she said. “I don’t know 47 it is my determination to prove to myself that I can do it, but anyhow, I’ve been able to 48 up with my peers and lead a pretty great life.”
Gallagher shows us that you should never let anything stand in the 49 of your dream. And if you meet with an obstacle (?#20064;?, get 50 with it— if life gives you an artificial leg, make art.
31. A. common B. right C. simple D. special
32. A. born B. charged C. filled D. linked
33. A. cured B. treated C. cut D. kept
34. A. Unless B. Although C. Once D. Since
35. A. considers B. thinks C. treats D. looks
36. A. coolest B. best C. worst D. fullest
37. A. evidence B. news C. message D. schedule
38. A. applied B. belonged C. stuck D. turned
39. A. which B. that C. as D. where
40. A. simply B. officially C. enthusiastically D. reasonably
41. A. across B. through C. about D. for
42. A. attitude B. thought C. belief D. opinion
43. A. curious about B. fond of C. patient with D. afraid of
44. A. walking B. reporting C. writing D. standing
45. A. accepts B. takes C. likes D. receives
46. A. protected B. preserved C. stopped D. defended
47. A. why B. that C. if D. what
48. A. make B. come C. put D. keep
49. A. way B. corner C. course D. bottom
50. A. satisfied B. creative C. familiar D. connected
Lily went to London with her parents for a two-week vacation. She sent postcards to her friends.
51. Which of the following places may Lily have NOT visited yet?
A. The London Eye. B. The Tower of Bridge.
C. Buckingham Palace. D. The River Thames.
52. Which of the following statements is WRONG?
A. They took the subway to many places in London.
B. They tasted different types of food in London.
C. They spent more than two months in London.
D. They bought a lot of things in London.
53. Lily thinks London is ________.
A. beautiful but unfriendly B. amazing and busy
C. unfriendly and dirty D. busy but polluted
Imagine a relay race. During this race, an athlete holds a stick as he runs a certain distance. Then he passes the stick to the next runner. That person runs faster, and then passes the stick to a third runner. Now imagine that the runners do not pass a stick. Instead they pass shiny silk, as well as gold, fruit, and glass. Imagine that the race does not move forward in just one direction. Instead the runners go back and forth along a road. They trade goods all along this route (路线) and at each end of it. Now imagine that the runners are businessmen. They lead caravans (商队) or lines of camels that carry things to sell. They travel on the ancient Silk Road to earn their living.
The Silk Road was a complex trade network. It passed through thousands of cities and towns. It stretched from eastern China, across central Asia and the Middle east, to the Mediterranean Sea. Businessmen traveled on the Silk Road from about 200 B.C. to about 1300 A.D.. Then sea travel began to offer new routes. Some people called the Silk Road the world’s longest highway. However, the Silk Road included many routes--not just one smooth path. The routes ran through mountains and across deserts. They passed through an area that now includes 18 countries. The Silk Road had many dangers. These dangers ranged from hot sun and deep snow to thieves and wars. Only expert traders could survive.
The Silk Road got its name from its most prized goods. People used silk as money. They could pay taxes or buy goods with it. Traders carried more than just silk, though. They had gold, silver, and glass from Europe. People in the Middle East and Asia wanted these things. Businessmen also took horses from flat, grassy areas in central Asia and brought them to China and other areas. The horses changed the way people farmed and ran their armies. Indian businessmen traded salt and rare, beautiful stones. Chinese merchants traded medicine and china. They also traded paper, which quickly replaced animal skins in the west. Businessmen carried apples from central Asia to Rome. The Chinese had learned to combine different trees to create new kinds of fruit. They taught this science to others, such as the Romans. The Romans began to grow apples for food. The Silk Road led to worldwide commerce 2,000 years before the World Wide Web.
The people along the Silk Road did not share only goods. They also shared beliefs. Monks, priests, and other faith leaders taught their religions to others. The Silk Road created pathways for knowledge, diplomacy, and religion.
54. People turned to the sea for new routes after around 1300 A.D. because ________.
A. the Silk Road included many routes
B. the Silk Road passed through many areas
C.people traveled on the Silk Road for too long
D. there were more dangers along the Silk Road
55. Which of the following is closest to the meaning of the word prized in paragraph 3?
A.appropriate B. preserved C. valuable D. useful
56. Which of the following statements is WRONG?
A. The Silk Road helped spread religions to more people.
B. The Silk Road gave people the idea to build highways.
C. Some people probably died while travelling.
D. Westerners probably used to write on animal skins.
57. In which column of a newspaper can we most probably read the article?
A. Science. B. Travel. C. Sports. D. Culture.
According to the Associated Press (AP), a Chinese scientist claims he successfully created the world’s first genetically-edited babies.
Chinese researcher He Jiankui, a research professor at China’s Southern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen, said he had edited DNA of twin girls born a few weeks ago. ①
He’s claims were immediately criticized by some scientists as unsafe and unethical. This kind of gene editing is forbidden in the United States and many other countries. ②Such changes to a person’s DNA can pass to future generations and risk harming other genes.
In interviews, He Jiankui defended his work. He said he had performed the gene editing to help protect the babies from future infection of HIV, the virus responsible for the disease AIDS. He said the process had “worked safely” and the twin girls were “as healthy as any other babies.” He told the AP he felt a strong responsibility “not just to make a first, but also to make an example” for future research. “Society will decide what to do next,” he said.
When He’s claims became public, the university made a statement saying his work had “seriously went against academic ethics and standards.” University officials said they had no knowledge of his research and had looked into the case. ③
China’s National Health Commission was “highly concerned” about the claims and ordered local health officials “to immediately look into” He’s activity. “We have to be responsible for the people’s health and will act on this according to the law,” the commission said.
Scientists discovered in recent years a new way to edit genes that make up a person’s DNA throughout the body. The tool, called CRISPR-cas9, makes it possible to change DNA to supply a needed gene or take one away that is causing problems. So far the tool has only been used on adults to treat deadly diseases, and the changes only affected that person.
④Kiran Musunuru, a scientist from University of Pennsylvania, told the AP that if such an experiment had been carried out on human beings, it could not be “morally or ethically reasonable.” Julian Savulescu, a medical ethics expert at Britain’s University of Oxford, agreed. “If true, this experiment may cause disasters,” he told Reuters.
However, one well-known geneticist, Harvard University’s George Church, defended the attempt to edit genes to prevent infections of HIV. He told the AP that since HIV is “a major and growing public health threat” he finds such experiments “valuable.”
58. What can we learn from this passage?
A. All scientists consider He’s experiment unsafe and unethical.
B. The university He works in supports his experiment.
C. Many countries don’t allow editing babies genetically.
D. China’s National Health Commission thinks highly of He’s experiment.
59. The following sentence “However, many scientists believe such experiment is dangerous.” can be placed in __________.
A. ① B.② C.③ D.④
60. What’s the author’s attitude towards He Jiankui’s research?
A. Supportive. B. Uninterested. C. Doubtful. D. Neutral.
61. What might be the best title of this passage?
A. Chinese Scientist Claims First Gene Edited Babies
B. Chinese Scientist Finds A New Cure For AIDS
C. Gene Editing Still Has A Long Way To Go
D. China Takes The Lead In Gene Editing
Little Women is the story of four sisters growing up during the Civil War. Each March (马奇) sister has a different personality. Meg, the oldest, is dignified (端庄) and proper. Jo, next in age, is energetic and wants to be a writer. Beth is shy and quiet and loves music. Amy, the youngest, is spoiled (被宠坏的), a little conceited (自负), and enjoys art. In the following passage, an excerpt(节选)from Chapter 14 Secrets, Jo has a secret surprise to tell her sisters. Laurie is the boy who lives next door, and Hannah is the March’s servant. The Spread Eagle is a newspaper in the town.
In a few minutes Jo bounced (蹦跳) in, laid herself on the sofa, and pretended to read.
“Have you anything interesting there?” asked Meg, with condescension (屈尊).
“Nothing but a story, won’t amount to much, I guess,” returned Jo, carefully keeping the name of the paper out of sight.
“You’d better read it aloud. That will amuse us and keep you out of mischief (恶作剧),” said Amy in her most grown-up tone.
“What’s the name?” asked Beth, wondering why Jo kept her face behind the sheet.
“The Rival Painters.”
“That sounds well. Read it,” said Meg.
With a loud “Hem!” and a long breath, Jo began to read very fast.
The girls listened with interest, for the tale was romantic, and somewhat pathetic (哀婉动人), as most of the characters died in the end. “I like that about the splendid picture,” was Amy’s approving remark, as Jo paused.
“I prefer the lovering part. Viola and Angelo are two of our favorite names, isn’t that strange?” said Meg, wiping her eyes, for the lovering part was tragical (凄婉).
“Who wrote it?” asked Beth, who had caught a glimpse(瞥) of Jo’s face.
The reader suddenly sat up, threw away the paper, displaying a red face, and with a funny mixture of solemnity and excitement replied in a loud voice, “Your sister.”
“You?” cried Meg, dropping her work.
“It’s very good,” said Amy.
“I knew it! I knew it! Oh, my Jo, I am so proud!” and Beth ran to hug her sister, wild with joy over this splendid success.
Dear me, how excited they all were, to be sure! How Meg wouldn’t believe it till she saw the words. “Miss Josephine March,” actually printed in the paper. How politely Amy criticized (批评) the artistic parts of the story, and offered advice for a sequel (续集), which unfortunately couldn’t be carried out, as the hero and heroine were dead. How Beth got excited, and skipped and sang with joy. How Hannah came in to shout in great astonishment at ‘that Jo’s doin’s’. How proud Mrs March was when she knew it. How Jo laughed, with tears in her eyes, as she declared she might as well be a peacock(孔雀) and done with it, and how the ‘Spread Eagle’ might be said to fly his wings proudly over the House of March, as the paper passed from hand to hand.
“Tell us about it.”“When did it come?”“How much did you get for it?”“What will Father say?”“Won’t Laurie laugh?” cried the family, all in one breath as they gathered around Jo, for these foolish, affectionate (痴情的) people had a celebration of every little joy of family.
62. What was Jo’s secret?
A. Her story was published in a newspaper.
B. She read another romantic novel secretly.
C. She bought a newspaper secretly at first.
D. She fell in love with the next door boy.
63. Why did Meg wipe her eyes after hearing the story?
A. She was proud of her sister.
B. She was jealous of her sister.
C. She was moved by the lovering part of the story.
D. The story reminded her of her own sad experiences.
64. The underlined words “the reader” refers to¬¬¬¬________.
A. Meg B. Jo C. Beth D. Amy
65. What is implied in the last two paragraphs?
A. Jo’s story was well received in the March family.
B. Everyone was satisfied with the story.
C. Jo was sure everyone in town would like her story.
D. The success of Jo’s story was mainly due to the Spread Eagle.
It’s difficult to find true friends these days. 66 How? Here are some tips on how to make your friendship last forever:
Call for no reason. Call just to say “Hi” or just to ask “What’s up?”. If you can’t call, just send an e-mail. 67 .
Know when to say “I’m sorry.” and “Thank you”. 68 Show appreciation for the things, big or little that your friend does for you. Say thank you. It’s that easy.
69 . If you have nothing good to say, don’t talk at all. Don’t risk hurting your friend’s feelings by saying hurtful words that, most of the time, you don’t really mean.
Be honest. Don’t lie to friends. Trust is the foundation of true friendship. Write them a note from time to time. Also, try to be thoughtful. Give simple gifts that will make their day.
Never be mean with your time. Spare some time to see your friends however busy you are. You can always spare an hour or two after school or work to visit them. 70 .
If you are the type of person who knows how to take care of friendship, you definitely are a keeper!
A. Avoid hurtful words.
B. Action speaks louder than words.
C. Some are never there when you need them most.
D. Don’t let pride get in the way, especially when you’re at fault.
E. Weekends are a great time, too, to bond and hang out with your friends.
F. This would send a message that you remember your friends at a random (任意的) time of the day.
G. Once you find a friend who is worth keeping, make sure to take care of what you have with that person.
In northeastern Liaoning Province, winter can be very cold. For months, almost nothing grows on these frozen areas, except for one 71 (surprise) product—grapes, which make something special, ice wine. Ice wine 72 (make) from frozen grapes. The freezing process gives the wine a sweet flavor. It’s so much 73 (strong). It tastes like a raisin (葡萄干).
Here, conditions for making ice wine are so perfect 74 a third of the world’s ice wine is now produced here. Strict rules mean that the temperature must be at least -8℃ for 24 hours. While they wait, the grapes could go bad. So, 75 (prevent) this from happening, they need to be picked as soon as the conditions 76 (be) right.
In the early morning, the villagers are all 77 (die) to help. The grapes planted here are called Vidal. As soon as the grapes are picked, they are transported to the wine company—the largest 78 (produce) in China. Two years later, the wine is ready to be in the bottles, each of 79 contains the juice of a 2.5 kilograms of grapes. These bottles will be 80 the dinner table across China and even the world.
81. Howard Carter, a most famous explorer, was very bright and c▲ about the world outside his home town.
82. An American TV team made copies of Yeti tracks and had them e▲ by a scientist in the USA.
83. During adolescence, it is normal for teenagers to become c▲ with the changing world both inside and outside of them.
84. During the Spring Festival, kowtow(磕头) is usually performed by younger people to show r▲ for the elders.
85. A team of doctors and nurses were sent to care for the i▲ in the earthquake-stricken area.
86. Daniel was so angry with his parents that he thought they didn’t deserve an ▲(解释).
87. Toby made an adventure in Africa, where he visited 8 places ▲ (总共).
88. So far, there has been no strong evidence for the ▲ (存在) of Yetis.
89. At dusk, the sunshine ▲ (反射) on Hong Ze Lake, making it shine like a diamond.
90. Zhongdian is 659 kilometres away from Kunming, and there are ▲ (固定的) flights between the two cities.
开始发胖。最近，某校高一年级就”如何保?#32622;?#26465;身材”进?#24418;?#21367;调查，调查结果如下面饼状图（pie chart）所示。请据此用英语写一篇短文, 报?#26469;?#27425;调查结果，并给出你的建议。
From our recent survey of students, we have found that
： 1-5 BAACB 6-10 ABCAC 11-15 AA ACC 16-20 ABBCC
单项选择：21-25 CBDBA 26-30 ADCBD
完形填空：31-35 DACBA 36-40 BCDDA 41-45 ABBCD 46-50 CCDAB
阅读理解：51-53 ACB 54-57 DCBD 58-61 CADA 62-65 ACBA
短文填空：71. surprising 72. is made 73. stronger 74. that 75. to prevent 76. are 77. dying 78. producer 79. which 80. on
单词拼写：81. curious 82. examined 83. confused 84. respect 85. injured
86. explanation 87. altogether 88. existence 89. reflects 90. regular
From our recent survey of students, we have found that the most popular way of keeping slim is doing exercise regularly, which 35 percent of the students prefer. This is followed by only eating vegetables, which 24 percent of the students are in favor of. About one fifth of the students think a balanced diet makes for a slim figure. However, a small number of students choose to go on a diet or take weight-loss pills (/choose other ways, such as going on a diet or taking weight-loss pills), which is harmful to their health.
We want to help the students (to) keep slim in a healthy way. For this reason, we suggest that our school organize various sports activities to encourage more students to work out and that each class have a class meeting where teachers can give necessary guidance about a balanced diet. They would make a difference to their figures.（129字）听力
W: Don’t you think the TV is too loud? Please turn it down.
M: Sorry, I’ll just turn it off.
M: Of all the places where I have lived, including Paris, Rome, and even New York, I think Paris is the best.
W: I guess that’s because it’s your home.
W: Which color should we paint our bedroom, yellow or pink?
M: Why not blue?
W: Hello, Tommy. You said you would be travelling to Tokyo, didn’t you?
M: No. I’ll be moving to Hong Kong to study. And I will travel to Beijing this summer.
M: Which skirt did you finally decide to buy?
W: Well, I wanted to buy the blue one at first, but it was $50. So, I bought another one instead and saved $15.
W: Hey, how are you, Jim? What are you going to do this afternoon?
M: I’ll probably go to the club and play soccer, Janice.
W: Oh, that’s cool. Do you like playing soccer?
M: Yeah. And I like tennis, too.
W: Tennis is fun. But my favorite sport is baseball.
M: Oh, really? I’ve never played baseball.
W: It’s great fun! If you want to learn, I can teach you this afternoon.
M: That would be great.
W: Well, you could go to the park field at 3:00 p.m. A lot of my friends will be there, too.
M: Hello, I’d like some information about the sightseeing tour of London.
W: Certainly. How can I help you?
M: Well, can you tell me the places I can visit on the tour?
W: Yes. The tour start at Piccadilly Circus, and the main attractions are Buckingham Palace, Downing Street, London Bridge, Big Ben, the Tower of London, and Trafalgar Square.
M: And how long does the tour take?
W: About two hours in total.
M: Do I have to book seats in advance?
W: No, you don’t have to, but it’s best to book in advance if you want to be sure of a seat.
M: How much does it cost?
W: It’s £20 per adult and £15 per child.
M: Thanks. I’d like three tickets: two adults and one child.
M: Hi. I’d like to get my hair cut.
W: Well, can we interest you in today’s special? We’ll shampoo, cut, and style your hair for one unbelievable low price of ＄12.
M: Okay, but I just want to get my hair cut a little bit. A little off the top and sides, that’s all.
W: No problem. Okay, here we go. So, what do you do for a living?
M: I’m a lawyer, and I’m in town for a job interview, and...
M: What do you mean oops? Hey, can I see a mirror?
W: Nothing to worry about, sir. Relax.
M: Ouch. That really hurts! What are you doing anyway? Oh, look at all my hair on the floor. How much are you really cutting off?
W: Relax. Time for the shampoo.
M: Hey, you got shampoo in my eyes! Where’s the towel? Oh, gosh, you cut my hair too short. I want to talk to the manager... now!
W: I’m sorry, but he’s on vacation.
M: Lily, how long have you been here?
W: I came to China in June, so it has been seven months.
M: Wow. That’s a long time. But you haven’t spent Spring Festival in China yet, right?
W: That’s right, but I am going to stay in China this year to see how Chinese people spend their most important festival. In fact, I’m doing a business research about Spring Festival for my company.
M: Really? Maybe you can come to spend it with my family.
W: Can I?
M: My parents would be happy to have you. You will love it. Though we live downtown, we always spend Spring Festival in our hometown.
W: You mean in the countryside?
M: Yes. I believe you will learn a lot about Chinese culture this winter holiday. We will have a big family meal and eat things like fish and dumplings. And we give children lucky money in red envelopes.
W: That sounds interesting! I can’t wait.
Once, there was a little girl named Lucia. When she saw other kids playing with their cats or dogs, she also wanted to have one. But she knew her family was poor, so she never asked her parents to buy one for her. When she was about to turn 12, her father surprised her by buying her a little black dog as a birthday present. Lucia was very happy, and she named it Candy. One Saturday morning, Lucia and Candy went for a walk in the forest near the village. Candy ran to a tall tree and brought out a black bag from under the fallen leaves there. Lucia was surprised. There were a lot of jewels in the bag. She decided to give the bag to the police. Several days later, the police told Lucia that when the jewels were returned to the shop, the owner was so happy that he gave Lucia a lot of money as a reward. With the money, Lucia’s family bought a small farm and lived a better life.
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